National Academy of Sports Medicine NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SPORTS MEDICINE. · APRIL 12, 2018

Desk-bound employees can develop a hunched posture that saps energy and strength. Here’s a safe-for-the-office routine that can help.

For many people, nine-hour workdays are the minimum – and lunch breaks are short or taken at the desk. Even if the person goes to the gym a few times a week, it isn’t always enough to offset the impact of so much time at work. This can lead to upper-crossed syndrome, the shoulders-hunched, head-jutting-forward position that signals muscle imbalances in the neck, chest, shoulders, and back. Fortunately, you have the tools to help – especially if you are a Corrective Exercise Specialist (CES).

“Developing a program that breaks someone away from his or her desk and gets them moving and active will result in a happier, healthier, more productive employee,” says Jonathan Penney, NASM-CPT, previous general manager for Plus One Health Management, a company that develops fitness solutions for companies across the United States. The routine featured here – created by Penney and Rick Richey, MS, NASM-CPT, CES, PES, CSCS, LMT, owner of R2 Fitness in New York and an NASM Master Instructor – not only does that, it also fights those upper-crossed syndrome imbalances. And it’s easy for clients to take advantage of the moves in an office setting, during the workday.


Before recommending this workout to anyone, Penney and Richey both say an overhead squat assessment to determine imbalances is smart. Once you’ve identified imbalances, you can then suggest a specific foam-roller routine to lead into the workout. The idea is to inhibit the overactive muscles before moving into any stretching or muscle activation movements.


This workout is designed so that clients finish the “A” exercises in a circuit before moving on to the “B” exercise, the “C” exercise circuit, and so on.


Choose from a variety of mobility movements:

Knee Hugs: Stand up straight. Raise one leg with knee bent. Gently pull knee toward the body; lower and repeat on other side.NASMFA13_wkt01

Frankenstein Kicks: Stand up straight, arms out in front. Raise one leg at a time, keeping it straight, trying to touch the opposite hand.


Squat to Stand: Stand; lower to squat position. Stand back up.NASMFA13_wkt03


Reach, Roll, and Lift – 2 to 3 sets, 6 reps per side each

Kneel down and round back, placing elbows on the floor. Elbows should be bent 90 degrees.NASMFA13_wkt04

With palms flat on the floor, slide right hand forward until arm is straight. Rotate right palm so that it’s facing up.NASMFA13_wkt05

Raise right arm as high as you can. Do six reps, then repeat with left arm.NASMFA13_wkt06

Wall Angel- 2 to 3 sets, 10 reps each

Lean the back flat against a wall with knees slightly bent, keeping head pushed back against the wall. Move both arms out to side with elbows bent at 90 degrees. Both elbows and both wrists should be touching the wall.NASMFA13_wkt07

Slowly slide both arms up the wall, keeping the elbows and wrists touching the wall, trying not to let the back arch. Then slide back down. Repeat.NASMFA13_wkt08


2 to 3 sets, 10 reps each

Stand with feet hip-width apart. Keep abdominals tight, and bend slightly at the waist.NASMFA13_wkt09

Lift arms in front and slightly to the sides of the body at a 45-degree angle, keeping thumbs up (palms facing each other) and pinching shoulder blades back and down (this is the Y position).NASMFA13_wkt10

Move arms straight out to the side, with thumbs still up (T).NASMFA13_wkt11

Lower arms to sides of body with thumbs up, still retracting and depressing the shoulder blades. Return to the start position (A) and repeat. Aim to slowly move from one position to the next over a six-second count. To increase difficulty, lean your upper body forward a bit more.NASMFA13_wkt12


Floor Bridge- 2 to 3 sets, 10 reps each

Lie on back with knees bent, placing feet flat on the floor, shoulder-width apart. Arms are at sides with palms up. Tighten abdominals and contract glutes.NASMFA13_wkt13

Slowly push through heels and lift pelvis off the floor until knees, hips, and shoulders form a straight line. Hold the top position for two seconds and then slowly lower pelvis back to the floor. Repeat.NASMFA13_wkt14

Plank- 2 to 3 sets

Lie on stomach with feet together and forearms placed on the floor.NASMFA13_wkt15

Tighten abdominals and contract glutes to lift body off the floor into a straight line from head to toe. Hold the top position for 10 to 30 seconds, then lower.NASMFA13_wkt16


Scaption Push-Up- 3 sets, 10 reps each

Get into a push-up position (a more upright push-up against a desk is fine), feet together, abdominals tight, body straight, hands slightly more than shoulder-width apart.NASMFA13_wkt17

Slowly lower, then press back up to the start.NASMFA13_wkt18

At the starting position, raise right arm slightly in front (in line with shoulder blade), thumb up. Hold briefly, then lower back to push-up position. Do a push-up, then repeat with other arm.NASMFA13_wkt19

Quadruped Chin Tuck- 3 sets, 10 reps each

Get on hands and knees with back straight and head in line with spine. Extend chin toward the floor.NASMFA13_wkt20

Scoop chin down toward chest as far as possible (like nodding “yes”). Keeping chin close to body, slide back into the starting position. Hold for five counts. Repeat.NASMFA13_wkt21


Trouble with neck strain while sitting at a desk? Make sure your client isn’t dropping her head to her chest or jutting her head forward to try to work it out. “That’s going to increase the compensatory patterns exponentially, unfortunately,” says Richey. Instead, he recommends tucking in that chin and pressing the back of the head into the back of the chair, so it’s in a kind of retracted position. This activation will help relieve the strain.



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